As the world along with its human civilization progresses continually into further development an obstinate roadblock that stands in the way total human health development looms menacingly. It goes by the name Childhood Obesity. It has become one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. It has become a global problem which is fast affecting many low and middle-income countries mostly in urban settings. Overweight and obese children, if left unattended, are likely to become obese adults and experience compromised health due to chronic disease.

What Does Obesity Actually Mean?

In simple terms, Obesity is defined as abnormal and excessive fat accumulation which presents a risk to health. According to the WHO growth reference for school aged children and adolescents the prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in adolescents is defined as Overweight- one standard deviation body mass index for sex and age, and Obese- two standard deviations body mass catalog for age and sex. A healthy health weight trajectory is where height and weight change proportionally together as children develop. When the children are off the healthy weight trajectory, their weight gain becomes disproportionate to their height change. This results in the gain of body fat that can negatively impact his or her healthy development and overall health.

Which Children are at risk of Obesity?

The two most prominent causes for childhood Obesity are eating too much and absence of sufficient exercises,Now you can know how obesity in children can be prevented. Children who are subject to the above causes are likely to become obese.  Modern social trends have drastically altered the nature of play and the way children interact with their environment. These trends include significant decrease in outdoor recreation, relative increment of sleep, unhealthy dietary habits. Children have now become increasingly dependent on electronic media for recreational activities which has caused a major cut down in outdoor sports activities. This explains the major loss of sufficient physical activities in a child’s daily routine. These changes in our society and the environment we live have encouraged, what is referred to as “obesogenic environment”. Add to that the easy-availability and increasing popularity of fast foods which are good to taste, inexpensive and has seemingly crept into the daily diet of children. Spicy Foods cooked in large quantity of unhealthy oils have attracted a lot of children towards them and their parents have also become quite indulgent in providing them the same and giving themselves a break from making healthier home foods. The children who are at risk include those children who

1.Consume fast foods and sugar-rich drinks which in large proportions on a regular basis.
2.Are physically inactive each day.
3.Prefer TV and video games instead of outdoor sports.
4.Belong to a family unit of overweight people where genetics may be a factor.
5.Who have a genetic disease and hormonal disorder.

How Do We Prevent Childhood Obesity?

It is recognized that prevention is the most feasible option for curbing childhood obesity. Overweight and Obesity are diseases which are largely preventable. The key to fight childhood obesity epidemic is to achieve an energy balance which can be maintained throughout one’s life. General methods to prevent childhood obesity is to consume fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts in proportionate amounts, limit intake of fats and sugars, be physically active and include a sufficient amount of exercises.

That Concludes… 

The fact is that childhood obesity is a difficult health problem which needs to be tackled efficiently right now. Children must be brought up in the healthiest manner and that includes abstinence from obesity. Now, we wouldn’t want our child to grow up and need trousers with elastic waists, would we?